Publication: Gender differences in care-seeking behavior and health care consumption after work-related whiplash injuries

Gender differences in care-seeking behavior and health care consumption after work-related whiplash injuries.
Glasgow: 7th European Public Health Conference - Mind the gap: Reducing inequalities in health and health care; 2014.

Abstract

Background:

The aim was to study gender differences in care-seeking behaviour regarding type of facility, time span and type of treatment after work-related motor vehicle trauma (WRMVT) and to investigate the incidence of WRMVT.

Methods:

Design: Cross-sectional retrospective study. Setting: A population-based register in a Swedish county from 1999 to 2008. Participants: A cohort of 820 persons, 18-65 years of age, involved in traffic accidents, either working at the time of the trauma, or on their way to or from work, resulting in a clinical whiplash diagnosis.

Results:

Women sought care at primary health care units more often than men, who sought care mainly at hospitals (p =0.0048). Four percent of the injured persons were treated at hospital. Twelve percent of all patients involved in WRMVT sought care with a delay of at least three days. Women sought care later than men (p =0.011). There was no difference in gender regarding type of treatment after trauma. Ninety-one percent were treated and discharged and six percent were sent home untreated after examination. Fifty-two percent of the injured persons sought care at primary care units. The annual incidence of WRMVT decreased from 68/100 000 to 43/100 000.

Conclusions:

The incidence of WRMVT in the rural and urban county declined during 1999-2008. Women sought care at primary care units more often then men. Women sought care later then men after the trauma which may reduce especially women’s probability of getting workers compensation.


, from FoU-centrum för primärvård och folktandvård Södra Älvsborg
http://au.researchweb.org/is/en/foualvsborg/user/publication?ref=2013741